Yanachaga Chimillén National Park (01.01.2012 to 03.31.2012)

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Year: 
2012
Quarter: 
January - March
Communications activities: 

Communication activities:

No communication activities during this period

Unusual Events at the TEAM Site: 

Unusual events:

No unusual events during this period

New Species: 

New species:

No new species during this period

Protocol Activities: 

Activities of the Protocols:

Vegetation Protocol:

During this period we processed the material from plot YAN VG-05; that is, we separated the duplicates to send them to other herbaria as a gift or exchange, and we selected the specimens to be mounted in the HOXA Herbarium.

With the help of Jorge Ahumada, we uploaded the information from the 6 plots to the TEAM Web site.  There were some typographical errors that we have resolved almost entirely. Only one difficulty remains in the YAN-VG-2011-06-26-NEW file, as described later in the report (Appendix, page 1).

Terrestrial Vertebrate Protocol:

We finished naming the photos of the two arrays and then placed them in two files, CT-YAN-2011.01-Array1-64.tpk and CT-YAN-2011.01-Array2-64.tpk. Because they are too heavy and would not fit on a single DVD, we recorded each file in a separate DVD and also made copies on a USB. A couple of weeks ago, we placed in the mail an envelope containing the 2 DVDs and USB, with the information from the camera traps, sending it to the address indicated in the protocol.


Climate Protocol:

In March, we visited the site of the meteorological station with the local climate specialist and observed its functioning. Below is the technician’s report on the operation of the station:

1.       Location of the meteorological station

The site was selected following the recommendations of the Team Network. (2010), which are based on the guidelines of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO, 2008) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, 1995). The site is located in the Pampa de Pescado area at 10 ° 21 '59.80 "S and 69 ° 14' 41.39" W.

In order to meet the requirements of the solar radiation sensors and obtain reliable measurements of the incident and diffuse radiation, we prepared the site by removing some trees that blocked the visibility of the point selected for the meteorological tower at about 5 degrees elevation. Thus, the requirements of Level 1 Siting were fulfilled. First, we removed the weeds and shrubs from an 80 m2 area containing the point where the UT10 tower was to be installed. From the point selected for the tower, we calculated the distance to the nearest trees found in a range of 10 to 25 meters. We removed those tress that did not meet the requirement of being at a distance from the point of the UT10 tower of 4 times their own height and those that obstructed the horizon above 5 degrees elevation.

2.       Preparations prior to the installation

After clearing and preparing the rectangular 80 m2 area, we installed a 1.5-meter high mesh perimeter fence to prevent entry by animals that could damage the meteorological instruments.

Following the protocol, we collected data from the location where the base of the UT10 tower is to be installed, including measurements of the angles and distances of the obstacles (see Appendix). We also took panoramic photographs of the site.

3.       Assembly of the meteorological station

The UT10 tower and the sensors for solar radiation, temperature / relative humidity, and precipitation were installed according to the TEAM Network (2010) and the manuals of each of the instruments, as described briefly below.

3.1 Installation of the UT10 tower

Following the manual for the UT10 Weather Station, we prepared an area 65 x 65 cm square x 50 cm deep, filling the hole with cement and concrete to anchor the base of the tower and support the weight of the tower and sensors. In this concrete base we mounted anchor bolts, and in them we installed the base of the tower and the accessories required for the various sensors. In addition, we installed protective housing in which we placed the CR1000 datalogger.


3.2 Installation of the solar panel

The solar panel was installed at a height of 1.6 meters above ground facing north with an inclination of 10 degrees in order to maximize the impact of solar radiation.

4.       Programming of the sensors and data recorders

Personnel from the site were not able to download the routine for programming the sensors of the Yanachaga-Chemillén site. We therefore proceeded to create a routine following the CR1000 Measurement and Control System operating manual. We established the program using the CR Basic Editor shortcut, taking into consideration the following characteristics in the TEAM 3.0 manual and videos. We will update the script with the official TEAM script next time the station is visited.

 

Figure 1. TEAM 3.0 video referenced in programming the sensors for the Yanachaga-Chemillén site


 



Variable

Collection of data

Report of data

Units

Observations

Temperature

5 seconds

5 minutes

°C

None

Relative humidity

5 seconds

5 minutes

%

None

Precipitation

Continuous

5 minutes

mm

Report the total

Incident radiation

5 seconds

5 minutes

W/m^2

None

Total radiation

5 seconds

5 minutes

MJ/m^2

None

Date/hour

Dd/mm/Yyyy hh:mm

5 minutes

 

Report every 5 minutes

Voltage of the battery

5 seconds

5 minutes

Volts

Record the  minimum value

 

Table 1. Summary of the programming carried out for the different sensors of the meteorological station

 

5.       Assembly of the sensors in the UT10 tower

To assemble the sensors, we used the TEAM 3.0 operating manual and the manuals for each of the sensors. Details are below.

5.1   Vaisala HMP45C sensor for temperature / relative humidity

The two sensors were placed at a height of 2 meters above ground within the lower tube of the radiation shield and then placed under the umbrella of the radiation shield according to the corresponding layout for connecting cables. The cable connection to the CR1000 memory was made taking into consideration the details of the following figure, as well as the diagram of the corresponding manuals.

 

Table 2. Connection for the measurement terminal for the temperature / relative humidity sensors

5.2   Licor200X solar radiation sensor

The two solar radiation sensors were installed at a height of 3 meters above ground, one facing north and the other south—orientations intended to take account of the changing path of the sun. To ensure that the sensors were properly leveled in the underlayment base (LI2003S), we used a spirit level and screws to mount them. The cables in the datalogger were connected taking into consideration the following figure and charts provided by TEAM.

Figure 3. Description of the connection of the cables of the pyranometer

5.3   TB4 Rain Gauge

The rain gauge was installed 6 meters from the base of the UT10 tower at a height of 30 cm above ground. The gauge was installed on the CM 240 frame, where it was leveled. The transmission cables to the datalogger were protected in PVC tubes. The three terminals of the cables in the datalogger were connected following the description in the figure below.

Figure 4.  Description of the terminals of the cables of the rain gauge

5.4   Installation of the manual rain gauge

The rain gauge was installed to provide a manual backup and to periodically verify the accuracy of data recorded during extreme precipitation events (> 50 mm / hour).

6.       Testing of the operation of the station

The 12V DC-100 Ah (UB-121000, Universal Power Group) battery was installed inside a waterproof, impact-resistant plastic casing with sufficient ventilation. It was connected to the power stabilizer to prevent the load received by day from flowing into the solar panel at night. A pair of wires was connected to the CR1000 datalogger, and then the data were recorded, verifying the operation of the system, as shown in the figure below.  

Figure 5. Recording of data of the meteorological variables conducted on March 16, 2012


Appendix

 

Table. Description of the obstacles and distance with respect to the UT10 tower and solar radiation sensors

Bearing

Distance (m)

Angle

Comments

Bearing

Distance (m)

Angle

Comments

0

80

4

 

185

60

4

 

5

80

3.5

 

190

100

3

 

10

100

3

 

195

130

3

 

15

100

3.5

 

200

200

2.5

 

20

70

4.5

 

205

200

2.5

 

25

100

4.5

 

210

200

2.5

 

30

110

3

 

215

60

4

 

35

70

2.5

 

220

200

3.8

 

40

70

4

 

225

300

3

 

45

100

4

 

230

320

4

 

50

100

5

 

235

320

4.2

 

55

80

5

 

240

80

5

 

60

80

5

 

245

300

4.5

 

65

100

4

 

250

300

4.2

 

70

110

4

 

255

300

4

 

75

60

4

 

260

300

4

 

80

100

5

 

265

300

4.2

 

85

100

4.5

 

270

300

4.5

 

90

70

3.5

 

275

300

4.5

 

95

100

5

 

280

300

4.2

 

100

100

4.8

 

285

310

4.5

 

105

100

4.5

 

290

300

4.2

 

110

120

4.5

 

295

50

5

 

115

120

4.5

 

300

80

4.8

 

120

100

4

 

305

80

4.6

 

125

100

4

 

310

50

5

 

130

150

3

 

315

60

4.5

 

135

150

3

 

320

60

4

 

140

130

4

 

325

100

4

 

145

90

4

 

330

170

4

 

150

200

3

 

335

170

3.8

 

155

100

3.8

 

340

100

4

 

160

70

5

 

345

130

4

 

165

90

4

 

350

200

3

 

170

150

3

 

355

200

3

 

175

120

4.3

 

 

 

 

 

180

120

5

 

 

 

 

 

Protocol Problems: 

Problems in Implementing the Protocols:

Vegetation Protocol:

In the file YAN-VG-2011-06-26-NEW, in the date field of the metadata sheet, we forgot to insert the day. I have tried several times to correct the problem and have been able to open the page and view and correct the problem.  However, at the moment when the information is recorded, this correction is not saved and then the metadata sheet continues to show the error.

Terrestrial Vertebrate Protocol:

No problems except a slight difficulty in the mail, as described below

Climate Protocol:

As indicated in the technical report, we were not able to download the TEAM routine for programming the sensors of the Yanachaga-Chemillén site. We worked with the helpdesk to obtain the script and it will be installed next time the station is visited.

Schedule Problems: 

Schedule Problems:

No problems in this period

Logistical Problems: 

Logistical Problems:

The envelope containing the discs and the USB with the information from the camera traps, which we mailed to Eric Fegraus, was detained at customs in Lima, and to allow it to leave Peru, we had to fill out a form that they sent to us. Apparently it is only a formality that we must follow, and we assume that the envelope containing the discs and USB will arrive soon.

Suggestions: 

Suggestions:

None