Yanachaga Chimillén National Park (04.01.2014 to 06.30.2014)

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Year: 
2014
Quarter: 
April - June
Communications activities: 

Each day, the heads of the Protected Natural Areas adjacent to Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park are taking more interest in the implementation of the TEAM protocols for monitoring vegetation and terrestrial vertebrates. As a result, during this period we participated in several presentations and held training workshops to teach the implementation of these protocols, emphasizing the benefits of sampling terrestrial vertebrates with camera traps.

On April 12, 2014, we conducted a training workshop in the city of Oxapampa for 9 people from Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park: 6 park guards, 2 specialists, and the head of the National Park. The training had two components: 1) a theoretical component that included presentations on the implementation of the terrestrial vertebrate protocol in the TEAM Yanachaga site and the design of a sampling matrix in the montane forest, and 2) a practical component that included the calibration of camera traps.  The National Park has acquired its first 9 trap camera traps, although these cameras are different from those we are using in the TEAM site. We have done everything possible to maintain the same calibration that TEAM uses.

In fact it proved very difficult to establish a sampling matrix with camera traps in the montane forest because the terrain is very rugged for maintaining an array of points equidistant from each other.  After several adjustments we were able to maintain the 0.5 km distances. The sampling matrix is located in the San Alberto sector in Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park, south of Oxapampa at an altitude of 2450-2900 m. Finally, a group of 6 people—4 park guards, a professional of the National Park, and Rodolfo Vásquez—went to field, and from April 13 to 16, we installed the 9 camera traps. The cameras were removed mid-May.

From June 25 to June 30, 2014, we held another training workshop, which we entitled "Introduction to Botany and Tropical Ecology." In addition to discussing taxonomic topics, this workshop placed emphasis on the methodological part of the application of the TEAM protocols for monitoring of vegetation and terrestrial vertebrates.  The workshop was held in the city of San Ramon, the headquarters of two protected natural areas, the Pui Pui Protected Forest and the Pampa Hermosa National Sanctuary.  A total of 25 people attended the theoretical component of the workshop: 17 park guards of 6 protected areas, 8 specialists, and the heads of the Pui Pui Protected Forest and the Pampa Hermosa National Sanctuary. The practical component of the workshop was held at the Pampa Hermosa National Sanctuary, 22 km northwest of San Ramon. A total of 17 rangers of the following protected areas attended: the Pui Pui Protected Forest, the Pampa Hermosa National Sanctuary, the Yanesha Communal Reserve, the Asháninka Communal Reserve, Otishi National Park, and the San Matías-San Carlos Protected Forest. The participants delineated a permanent plot of 1 ha and measured the diameters per the TEAM protocol, placed signs, and measured the distances and orientations in a subplot of 20 x 20 m. They also spent three days placing camera traps.

From May 21 to May 22, as part of the celebrations for the International Day of Biodiversity, the IV Anniversary of the Oxapampa-Asháninka-Yanesha Biosphere Reserve, and the VI Anniversary of SERNANP, "The First Conference on Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change in the Selva Central of Peru" was held in the city of Villa Rica 30 km south of Oxapampa. In this event the MBG made 4 presentations on the level of knowledge of the biological diversity of the region, wildlife use, and the relevance of the TEAM site to issues of conservation and global change. The event was attended by local, regional, and national authorities and representatives of organizations of indigenous communities, universities, educational institutions, employers, and governmental and nongovernmental organizations.

Unusual Events at the TEAM Site: 

No unusual events during this period

New Species: 

No new species during this period

Protocol Activities: 

Vegetation Protocol:

We continued to verify the validity of the scientific names in the TROPICOS database. 

We made the preparations for the 2014 re-measurement of the permanent plots in the TEAM site. We printed all of the maps showing the location of the trees in the permanent subplots to provide us with these locations during the re-measurement.  We also printed the forms for capturing field data.

Terrestrial Vertebrate Protocol:

We changed the silica gel of the containers of the camera traps, and we configured the cameras to install the first array of the 2014 sampling period.

Climate Protocol:

No activity in this protocol

Protocol Problems: 

Vegetation Protocol:

None during this period

Terrestrial Vertebrate Protocol:

In configuring one of the camera traps (labeled No.10), we found that there was no contact. Apparently the electric power supply of the batteries did not pass into the camera.  Fortunately, we had a spare battery and were able to make the replacement.

Climate Protocol:

As we indicated in our report on the previous period, this has been a difficult time for the implementation of this protocol.  We had one difficulty after another, and the long wait to get the station operating again is due mainly to the fact that each component was damaged and we had to import replacement parts. At this time we have all of the necessary components, and we hope that after the station is re-installed, it will start to work the next season.

Schedule Problems: 

None during this period

Logistical Problems: 

None during this period

Suggestions: 

None